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Главная » Статьи » Мастера икэбана » Что пишут газеты

Doing it the Ikebana way, Masumi Jackson

                   
Masumi Jackson is the Executive Master of the “Ichiyo School of Ikebana

Doing it the Ikebana way

В последнее время икэбана становится все популярней на западе. Неповторимые линии и красота цветка, живые растения и возможность включения в произведение не растительных материалов. Икэбана доступна любому человеку в любое время, в любом месте и из любых материалов - корешки, ветки, дикие цветы, сухоцветы и коряги, и множество другого материала, который можно найти вокург нас.




Ikebana, one of the traditional arts of Japan, has been practiced for more than 600 years. It developed from the Buddhist ritual of offering flowers to the spirits of the dead.


By the middle of the fifteenth century, with the emergence of the first classical styles, Ikebana achieved the status of an art form independent of its religious origins, though it continued to retain strong symbolic and philosophical overtones. The first teachers and students were priests and members of the nobility.

However, as time passed, many different schools arose, styles changed, and Ikebana came to be practiced at all levels of Japanese society. The beginning of Ikebana can be traced to the 6th century introduction of Buddhism to the Japanese.

Part of the worship involved the offering of flowers on the altar in honour of the Buddha. In India, the birthplace of Buddhism, the flowers were placed very informally, and sometimes only petals were strewn around. However, by the time of 10th century Japan, the Japanese were presenting their offerings in containers. The altar offerings were the responsibility of the priests of the temple.

The oldest school of Ikebana dates its beginnings from a priest of the Rokkakudo Temple in Kyoto who was so expert in flower arrangements that other priests sought him out for instruction. As he lived by the side of a lake, for which the Japanese word is Ikenobo, the name Ikenobo became attached to the priests there who specialized in these altar arrangements.

Patterns and styles evolved so that by the late 15th century, arrangements were common enough that they were appreciated by ordinary people, not just the imperial family and its retainers.

Thus began the development of an art form with fixed requirements. Texts were written, the oldest being Sendensho, a compilation covering the years from 1443 to 1536. During the same period, noblemen and royal retainers were doing large decorative rikka floral pieces.

In Japan there are over 200 schools of Ikebana. Masumi Jackson is the Executive Master of the “Ichiyo School of Ikebana” and President of Ichiyo School of Ikebana of Australia Chapter as well as a member of “Ikebana International ” since 1974. Masumi has held many exhibitions, demonstrations and workshops in many countries. This year she has a demonstration for the Floral Society, Melbourne.

http://www.sundayobserver.lk/2007/11/11/p

lus11.asp

Категория: Что пишут газеты | Добавил: ikebana (14.03.2008)
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